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Emma Hardinge Britten

The mother of Modern Spiritualism..


Emma Hardinge Britten Emma Hardinge was born in 1823 in the East end of London. As a child, Emma could predict coming events and often saw the spirits of dead relatives and family friends.


In 1855 Emma first visited America and, at the boarding house where she was living, she met a Spiritualist couple with whom she visited a medium. The spirit communication Emma received there was an experience that changed her entire outlook on life. Emma discovered that she had a mediumship ability for table tipping and rapping, where spirits made themselves known by table movements and noises.


In 1856, Emma held a table sťance that spelt out a message from a friend who had died in the ship ‘Pacific.’ However, this ship had only recently sunk and at the time no one knew. Following this message Emma became well known as a medium and demonstrated several forms of mediumship. She practised her mediumship in the same building along with Miss Kate Fox who was one of the ‘Fox’ sisters from Hydesville.


After a while Emma gave up platform mediumship and sťances to concentrate on inspirational speaking about spiritual matters; she would take the platform, pass into a light trance and knew little of what then happened until she again came to herself. Emma travelled throughout America and to many parts of the world giving lectures and inspired addresses on the subject of Modern Spiritualism. By public speaking and prolific writings Emma help to encouraged the formation of many Spiritualist groups, societies and churches throughout the world.


The origins and concept of the Seven Principles came through Emma's mediumship. Guidance received from the Spirit World by Emma inspired her to utilise teachings given by the eminent philanthropist, Robert Owen, to provide a basis of suitable guideline/principles to follow in our daily lives. The Principles are equally important to assist us on our Spiritual pathway. The original Principles were later adapted to suit the newly formed Spiritualists’ National Union becoming the Seven Principles of Spiritualism in the format that we are familiar with today..


In Britain, attempts were made to bring together the various individuals, Spiritualist churches, groups and societies. The concept of a national federation of Spiritualist churches was discussed and written about in 1889 by Emma Hardinge Britten in the ‘Two Worlds’ magazine, a publication she had launched in 1887. Emma arranged a meeting in Manchester of interested Spiritualists to discuss the formation of an organisation that could unite Spiritualist churches throughout the United Kingdom. The meeting held on 1st April 1890 agreed to issue a circular giving information and requesting comments from Spiritualist churches, societies and individuals. And in July 1890 a first national conference of Spiritualists was held in Manchester.


It seems that Emma Hardinge Britten played a pivotal role in organising and bringing together Spiritualists both by her powerful inspired speaking and her ability to communicate by pen and publish to a wider audience. At the first National Conference in 1890, Emma advocated her concept for the fundamental basis of Spiritualist philosophy which later became the Seven Principles of SNU Spiritualism. Resolutions were carried unanimously that have since shaped the direction of Modern Spiritualism.


Britten Family Grave

Emma's Family Grave - Harpurhey, Manchester

Old Headstone of Britten Family Grave

The repaired original headstone, now at Stansted Hall


The original family headstone had fallen into ill repair in the Harpurhey Cemetery in Manchester and in 2010 a dedicated group of fund raisers from Norwich headed by Mrs Linda Smith, the President of Norwich Spiritualist Church, raised money to replace the old damaged family headstone with a new granite stone which will last for 100’s of years. The original would have perished had it been left so, it was then restored, moved and re-laid in April 2011 at Stansted Hall alongside Emma's Walk memorial garden, to further raise awareness of Emma and her wonderful work and enable a wider audience to admire Emma Hardinge Britten.


In July 2011 Emma was appointed Honorary President in Spirit of the Spiritualists' National Union.


There are many books by and about Emma including her autobiography available from our sister site at SNUi:

Autobiography of EHB
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